By Engineering, and Medicine National Academies of Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Committee on the Development of a Strategic Vision for the U.S. Antarctic Program
Antarctic and Southern Ocean clinical study has produced a wide range of significant and intriguing clinical advances. Spanning oceanography to tectonics, microbiology to astrophysics, the extraordinary Antarctic surroundings offers special possibilities to extend our wisdom approximately how our planet works or even the very origins of the universe. learn at the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic ice sheets is changing into more and more pressing not just for knowing the way forward for the zone but additionally its interconnections with and affects on many different elements of the globe.
The U.S. nationwide technological know-how origin (NSF) presents U.S. researchers with huge entry to the continent and its surrounding ocean. A Strategic imaginative and prescient for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research identifies priorities and strategic steps ahead for Antarctic learn and observations for the subsequent decade. This survey provides a decadal imaginative and prescient for strategic investments in compelling study and the infrastructure most crucial for aiding this study. This record makes techniques for high-priority, larger-scale, community-driven study tasks that handle questions poised for major enhance with the following a long time. This file additionally outlines a roadmap wherein the imaginative and prescient and those priorities may be met.
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Additional resources for A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research
1). Nonetheless, the balance of “small” versus “large” science takes on a unique cast in the context of USAP field research. There is no truly “small science” in the Antarctic—given the significant logistical needs and costs associated with getting any researchers into the field in that part of the world. In this context, we suggest that NSF’s traditional broad-based research support strategies be balanced with more directed, larger-scale efforts aimed at ensuring that a critical mass of human and financial resources is concentrated on meeting key research goals over a limited period of time.
S. marine scientists have long enjoyed opportunities to sail on other nations’ Antarctic research vessels either as part of official joint projects, or as “ships of opportunity” when individual scientists work with international collaborators. S. scientists have pursued NSF-funded research on board the German research icebreaker Polarstern. S. scientists to join their sponsored programs. S. Southern Ocean projects often include overseas participants. S. funding to operate the vessel is comingled with contributions from over 25 nations.
4 IceCube Neutrino Observatory The IceCube Neutrino Observatory, a set of detectors located at the South Pole designed to capture signs of high-energy neutrinos, was completed in 2010. The international project includes roughly 300 physicists from 44 institutions in 12 countries. Funded by NSF and agencies from around the world, IceCube is a unique tool to detect neutrinos that pass through the deep, clear ice of Antarctica. It is made up of 5,160 digital optical modules suspended on 86 strings within a cubic kilometer of ice.
A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research by Engineering, and Medicine National Academies of Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Committee on the Development of a Strategic Vision for the U.S. Antarctic Program