By Susan F. Martin
Immigration makes the US what it really is and is formative for what it is going to develop into. the USA was once settled via 3 diversified versions of immigration, all of which persist to the current. The Virginia Colony principally equated immigration with the coming of employees, who had few rights. Massachusetts welcomed those that shared the non secular perspectives of the founders yet excluded these whose ideals challenged the present orthodoxy. Pennsylvania valued pluralism, changing into the main diversified colony in faith, language, and tradition. This ebook strains the evolution of those 3 competing versions of immigration as they clarify the ancient roots of present coverage debates and strategies. Arguing that the Pennsylvania version has top served the rustic, the ultimate bankruptcy makes options for destiny immigration reform. Given the hugely arguable nature of immigration within the usa, this e-book offers considerate, well-reasoned research, beneficial to either educational and coverage audiences for the methods it locations present day developments and coverage techniques into historic standpoint.
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Extra resources for A Nation of Immigrants
The Quakers were a particular focus of such attention. Shipmasters who brought Quakers or their writings to Massachusetts were subject to fines and required to transport these undesirables out of the colony (Pestana 1983: 324). Massachusetts also enacted laws, as early as 1645, which barred the admission of persons who were likely to become a drain on public coffers. ’” These laws “required the master of each vessel to post a bond that towns receiving any ‘lame, impotent, or infirm persons, incapable of maintaining themselves’ .
Christ creates a New England to muster up the first of his Forces in” (Miller and Johnson 1963: 144). Fear of divine retribution for the excesses of the Church of England was a frequently heard reason for migrating. ” He was optimistic, though, that “If the Lord seeth it wilbe good for vs, he will prouide a shelter and a hidinge place for vs and ours” (Miller and Johnson 1963: 467). Migration would not just save the emigrants from harm; establishing a Godly haven in New England would save England itself.
Of particular concern to the Puritans were the policies implemented by William Laud, who became Archbishop of Canterbury, the most important figure in the Church of England. Laud defended the Church of England’s episcopal structures and introduced uniform rituals that the Puritans opposed. ” With the support of Charles I, Laud took action to suppress the Puritans. John Winthrop, in describing his grievances, referred to “the suspension and silenceing of many . . ministers for not conformitie in some poynts of ceremonies and refuseinge subscription [as] directed by the late canons” (quoted in Bozeman 1998: 103).
A Nation of Immigrants by Susan F. Martin