By Stefan Gänzle, Kristine Kern
The members query even if macro-regional techniques are worthy tools for making improvements to actor-policy linkages on the ecu, member/partner nations, and sub-national degrees, and even if the target of social, financial and territorial solidarity could be fulfilled via those strategies.
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Extra resources for A 'Macro-regional' Europe in the Making: Theoretical Approaches and Empirical Evidence
4) within and beyond the territory of the EU. 4 The established track record in cooperative efforts across various levels of governance in the Baltic Sea Region5 has hitherto informed the EU’s approaches to the region. A framework for analysis: multilevel governance, rescaling and Europeanization Macro-regions are deeply embedded in the EU’s system of multilevel governance (MLG) and can therefore be interpreted from multilevel, multisector and multi-actor perspectives (Hooghe and Marks, 2010; Piattoni, 2010).
The chapter argues that governmental and non-governmental actors – normally at state, but possibly also at substate, level – get mobilized in order to defend or promote their interests as they are identified through the discussion of concrete policy initiatives. Interests are constructed in the process of mobilization and are adjudicated by the existing institutions. The ultimate impact of this policy-oriented political mobilization is often polity restructuring. The chapter then concludes by arguing that the conventional understanding of legitimacy – as the existence of matching and unbroken chains of delegation and accountability between national principals and supra-, sub- or infra-national agents – is no longer useful in the context of heightened interdependence and shows how even legal doctrine is struggling with, but also equipping itself to theorize, the intensified cross-border cooperation that takes place also within macro-regions.
Hence, Art. 174 of the Treaty on the EU stipulates: In order to promote its overall harmonious development, the Union shall develop and pursue its actions leading to the strengthening of its economic, social and territorial cohesion. In particular, the Union shall aim at reducing disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions. This objective requires the mainstreaming of the territorial dimension in future EU policymaking and implementation.
A 'Macro-regional' Europe in the Making: Theoretical Approaches and Empirical Evidence by Stefan Gänzle, Kristine Kern