By Jantien E. Stoter
The rise in deepest estate price, development of underground and multilevel improvement, and the emergence of 3D applied sciences in making plans and GIS drives the necessity to checklist 3D events in cadastral registration. 3D Cadastre in a global Context: felony, Organizational, and Technological elements demonstrates easy methods to list 3D eventualities so as to increase perception into overlapping buildings. This publication emphasizes the technical facets of cadastral registration, concentrating on 4 major themes: context (in which 3D events in seven nations are studied); the framework for modeling second and 3D events; versions for a 3D cadastre; and attention of a 3D cadastre. The e-book offers initial options for concerns with regards to effective equipment for 3D information assortment, 3D info structuring and modeling, association of 2nd and 3D items in a single setting, 3D database production and 3D examining.
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Extra resources for 3D Cadastre in an International Context: Legal, Organizational, and Technological Aspects
The ownership to a parcel includes the competence to use the land owned. This includes the space above and under the parcel to a height and depth to which the user has (possible) interest. , by the “Law on Air Traffic,” which prescribes regulations for air traffic or by the “Law on Mining,” which provides the possibility to extract minerals in the ground of private owners by concession or permit. Since ownership is not explicitly limited in the third dimension, in principle the right of ownership of land reaches from the middle of the earth up to the sky.
However, no cadastral registration exists that reflects the 3D characteristics of these 3D property units as part of the cadastral geographical data set (cadastral map). Consequently, current cadastral registrations are not able to provide 3D insight into the real situation, even though real rights always have entitled persons to volumes and not to flat parcels. In the next chapter the limitations of current cadastral registrations in 3D property situations are studied, by analyzing cadastral registration in seven countries in more detail.
The Ministry of Justice has the responsibility for cadastral registration since land registration originally had a legal nature. Registration takes place in local courts (Austria and Romania). • Ministry of Interior (Poland). • A separate authority is responsible to prevent the discussion of the ministerial responsibility. • At what authority level and by which ministry the 3D issue of cadastral registration is approached depends on the organization of cadastral registration. 3 LAND REGISTRATION WITH SEPARATE OR INTEGRATED CADASTRE In several countries land registration and cadastral registration are the responsibilities of one organization.
3D Cadastre in an International Context: Legal, Organizational, and Technological Aspects by Jantien E. Stoter