New PDF release: 1917: Beyond the Western Front (History of Warfare, 54)

By Ian F.W. Beckett, Ian F. W. Beckett

ISBN-10: 9004171398

ISBN-13: 9789004171398

The starting to be army, political and socio-economic expenditures for all belligerents because the nice conflict entered its fourth yr have been more and more glaring, liberal democracies and authoritarian states alike having to remobilise public opinion for but higher sacrifices. whereas the Western entrance was once dealing with those demanding situations, 1917 was once additionally marked by means of the cave in of Tsarist Russia and by way of foodstuff riots resuting either from the Entente's blockade of imperative Europe and the revival of unrestricted submarine battle by way of the critical Powers. Ottoman Turkey used to be feeling the stress of struggle in addition, as British forces complex in either Palestine and Mesopotamia. For states as but uncommitted to warfare, resembling the us and China, 1917 was once a yr of determination. This quantity amply illustrates the importance of this important 12 months within the international clash. The individuals are Lawrence Sondhaus, Eric Grove, Keith Grieves, Matthew Hughes, Kaushik Roy, Vanda Wilcox, Laura Rowe, and Nick Hewitt.

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Additional info for 1917: Beyond the Western Front (History of Warfare, 54)

Example text

But also in the political realm’. Germany sought to reduce Austria to the level of Bavaria, for its own good, according to an old friend of Conrad’s from the pre-war years, Baron Heinrich von Tucher, the Bavarian ambassador in Vienna. After the initial setbacks against the Russians in the summer and autumn of 1914, Tucher had visited Conrad’s headquarters and suggested that only ‘a strict regime’ and a ‘close union (Anschluss) with Germany’ would save Austria. He cited the ‘progress’ Bavaria had made ‘since 1866 .

10 Of these three issues the second is perhaps the most controversial question. The first is an almost exclusively military question revolving around the two sides’ respective tactics. The question of the retreat to the Piave raises large scale strategic and political questions about Cadorna’s conception of the war, as well as revealing structural inadequacies in logistics, communications and command structures. This paper focuses instead on the first 48 hours of the battle, and the responses of senior Italian officers, in order to understand the central and controversial issue of how tactical defeat became strategic defeat, and how it happened so quickly.

33 Meanwhile, Austria-Hungary’s much smaller navy faced even greater odds at the mouth of the Adriatic, where the Italian navy had imposed a blockade, reinforced by significant numbers of British and French warships. Under these circumstances the U-boat provided the best hope for the Central Powers to break the enemy stranglehold on the seas. 5 million tons of allied shipping over the five months from September 1916 through January 1917, at a cost of just ten U-boats lost. 34 Arguing that the German navy now had the resources to launch a truly Rothenberg, Army of Francis Joseph, p.

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1917: Beyond the Western Front (History of Warfare, 54) by Ian F.W. Beckett, Ian F. W. Beckett

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